Breast Cancer is a type of cancer that causes tumour formation in the breast region. The occurrence of this form of cancer in India has risen, in the past few years. It is considered as the most common cancer among women.
According to breastcancer.org, the absolute risk of developing breast cancer during a particular decade of life is lower than 1 in 8.
Do you know what exactly breast cancer is?
Malignant tumors cause the cells to break away from the tumor in the breast and spread across to other tissues in the body, entering the blood vessels. The rate at which the breast cancer is spread is recognized in stages and the stages are based on four attributes:
- Size of the Cancer
- Invasive or Non Invasive Cancer
- Cancer in Lymph Nodes
- Cancer has spread to other parts of the body
Awareness and timely care is the key to avoid the dangerous effects of the condition. Understanding the symptoms keeps you well aware and this helps you with regard to early diagnosis and care. Most women who have lost their lives to this form cancer may not have been diagnosed at early stages. The symptoms of cancer can vary from person to person like the disease itself.
Common symptoms that prevail in women
- Breast pain or nipple pain
- Change in size of breast
- Swelling found in parts of breasts
- Nipple turned inwards
- Nipple or breast skin red, scaly, or thick
- Clear or bloody discharge from nipple
- Lump found in underarm area
Prevention Methods for Breast Cancer
Genetic pre-disposition can be one of the causes, but there are a few environmental and lifestyle habits that can be avoided in order to keep breast cancer from affecting you.
Poor Diet – A diet that lacks fruits and vegetables and includes high levels of saturated fat is best avoided.
Obesity or Overweight -Obesity increases the risk of developing breast cancer especially if you have already gone through menopause.
Consumption of Alcohol – Frequent consumption of alcohol increases the risk of breast cancer
Radiation -Undergoing radiation therapy before the age of 30 can increase the risk of breast cancer occurring in women.
Contraceptive – Contraceptive pills increases the risk of developing breast cancer while being consumed.
Combined Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) – Undergoing combined hormone replacement therapy not only increases the risks of developing breast cancer but also makes it possible to detect breast cancer only at advanced stages.
Shortfall in Physical Activity – A lifestyle with adequate physical activity is advised.