Did you know?
Every year, World Health Day (WHD) is celebrated on the day that the World Health Organisation (WHO) was founded. It was founded in 1950 and works towards the betterment of global public health. WHD themes are assigned by identifying current world health issues. This year they have decided to increase awareness about diabetes on a global scale, particularly in middle- and low- income countries.
Diabetes: Facts and Figures
Diabetes is caused due to an increase in the blood sugar levels. The sugar is broken down by an enzyme called insulin, which does not function properly in individuals with diabetes. There are over 422 million individuals living with diabetes, a figure that may double in the next 20 years. Diabetes has two subtypes: Type 1 and Type 2. WHO world statistics shows that about 90% of people living with diabetes come under type 2. Type 2 diabetics are insulin-resistant and Type 1 diabetics do not produce any insulin.
Diabetes is the cause of about 1.5 million deaths worldwide, most of which have occurred in the low- or mid- income countries. It is also the leading cause of blindness, kidney failure and amputation. It can now be diagnosed with a simple blood glucose test. Technology advancements have made this test easy to take anywhere. It involves a slight prick of needle that then measures the levels of glucose in the blood.
Diabetes in India
In India, the number of people living with diabetes has doubled from 2000 to 2013. In 2013, WHO estimated 63 million individuals living with the disorder. These figures are estimated to rise up to 101.2 million in the following 15 years.The most common form of diabetes caused by two main factors: genetics and environmental factors. These external factors mainly include weight gain. Studies have demonstrated links between diabetes and the consumption of fizzy drinks as well as junk food that contain a high sugar content. Diabetic patients are required to lose weight through diets and moderate exercise.
The latest trend in fast food, sugary drinks, increased stress levels and low levels of exercise are the primary causes of the diabetes epidemic. It is upto ourselves to change these figures in time and win the war against diabetes.