When you get a cut, the clotting factors in your blood combine with platelets to make your blood clot. This process stops the bleeding. However, there is a rare but incurable disorder that affects the blood clotting factors, Haemophilia.


Haemophilia is a hereditary genetic disorder, which affects the blood’s ability to clot and causes the person to bleed longer than usual. You must be thinking, does bleeding longer than usual mean severe health challenges?

Haemophilia can be mild to severe, depending on the level of clotting factors. It can cause severe complications such as:
Internal bleeding: It can occur in deep muscles causing swelling of limbs. This leads to severe pain or numbness.

Infection: Haemophiliacs may undergo blood transfusions which increase the risk of infection from contaminated blood products.

Damage to joints: Internal bleeding in the joints can cause severe pain. In fact, if left untreated, it can cause arthritis or other joint problems.

Every year, more than 1000 children born with this ‘rare’, incurable disorder. It is more common among men than women. In fact, about 1 in every 5000 men born with Haemophilia each year.

Symptoms of Haemophilia:

  • Severe pain, swelling or toughness in the joints
  • Excessive bleeding after cuts or injuries
  • Bleeding from nose, ears, mouth etc., for unknown reasons
  • Many large or deep bruises

Causes of Haemophilia

Besides being genetic, Haemophilia can also occur due to a spontaneous mutation. Also, the causes of Haemophilia depend on the type and clotting factor. The blood clotting factors, factor VIII, IX and XI are deficient in Haemophilia type A, B, and C, respectively.

Managing Haemophilia

Although this disorder is incurable, it can be managed with proper care. It is essential to control excessive blooding; preventive measures that can be undertaken include:

Participate in physical activity: Physical activity can help build up strength and protect joints. However, avoid participating in sports that can cause severe injuries such as football and hockey.

Prevent injuries: Use kneepads, helmet, elbow pads and safety belts in risky activities. Prevent yourself from accidents and falls.

Avoid pain medications: There are some drugs that can worsen bleeding such as aspirin and ibuprofen. Consult your doctor to know the drugs that you should avoid.

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