IS DENGUE CONTAGIOUS?
Dengue fever is caused by a virus transmitted by mosquitoes. While it is contagious, it cannot be spread directly from person-to-person without a mosquito vector. Symptoms include:
- Joint pain
- Pain behind the eyes
- Nausea and Vomiting
- Skin rash
The disease ranges from mild illness to severe forms such as Dengue Hemorrhagic fever, a rare complication caused by high fever, bleeding from the nose and gums, liver enlargement, and failure of the circulatory system. This may progress to Dengue Shock syndrome, which causes severe bleeding, shock and even death.
CAN DENGUE BE PREVENTED?
You can prevent this dreadful disease with a few simple steps, such as:
- Avoid leaving containers of water uncovered out in the open
- Since it is spread by the Aedes egypti mosquito, a daytime feeder, protect yourself from exposure at peak timings: early morning and just before dusk
- Wear clothes that cover your arms, calves, and ankles. You can also use mosquito repellant sprays and creams
- Continue general hygienic measures
HOW IS DENGUE TREATED?
As it is a viral infection, antibiotics are of no help. If you suspect you have dengue, stay hydrated and avoid painkillers like Aspirin or Brufen, as they can worsen bleeding. Currently, there is no vaccine available against the disease, but measures like these can go a long way.
Most cases of dengue need just supportive treatment to provide relief against the symptoms. However, some people can have severe symptoms and progress to Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever. Consult the nearest doctor, hospitalization may be required for close observation and prompt treatment of complications.