As the monsoon season is in full swing, dengue fever is on the rise. Many may be experiencing symptoms of dengue fever, however, remember viral fever symptoms can be quite similar to dengue. Dengue spreads through the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with the virus. The symptoms begin 3 to 6 days after infection. Learn the ways to prevent and treat the condition.
Diagnosing and Treating the Infection
The infection can be diagnosed with a blood test. The test checks for antibodies and virus in the patient. There are no specific medicines that treat the infection. The platelet count usually goes down during dengue, therefore, it is best to avoid medicines that may increase bleeding. Avoid medicines with aspirin and ibuprofen. Try to take pain relievers with acetaminophen. The only treatment for treatment is to take rest, drink plenty of fluids like water, soups and juice and consult a doctor.
Preventing the dengue infection
Vaccinations have not yet been discovered to prevent dengue. The main way to prevent the infection is to prevent mosquito bites. The chances of getting the disease can increase if you visit or live in a tropical area. Try the following to keep the mosquito population down around you:
- Use air conditioning if available when staying indoors.
- Use mosquito repellant, even when staying indoors.
- If possible, stay away from heavily populated residential areas.
- Wear socks, long pants and long-sleeved shirts when outdoors.
- Use mosquito nets in your sleeping areas if they are not air-conditioned and screened.
- Secure your door screens and windows making sure they are free of holes.
- Don’t let water to stagnate in your house.
- Consult a doctor immediately is you suspect dengue symptoms.
Be especially vigilant if someone in your family gets dengue fever. Put in your best efforts to protect yourself and other family members from mosquitoes. If a mosquito bites the infected family member, it can spread the infection to others in your home.