Varicose veins, the dilated and engorged veins that can appear on your legs and other parts of your body, can be disconcerting and uncomfortable. With newer treatments and some do-it-yourself steps, they too can be history. Here are some recommendations that you can choose from.

What can you do from home?

  • Exercise
  • Weight Loss
  • Leg elevation
  • Eat high fibre, low salt diet
  • Avoiding standing and sitting for long time
  • Avoiding tight clothing
  • Avoid wearing high heels
  • Avoid sitting cross-legged
  • Compression stockings

All these can help the blood circulate within the legs and improve the symptoms of varicose veins. If you still face problems from the condition, there are other professional options you can consider.

What treatments are available for varicose veins?

Older methods for treating varicose veins included stripping, a surgery used to remove the affected superficial leg veins. With recent advances, more treatment options have surfaced, including:

  • Endothermal ablation: Using energy from high-frequency radio waves or laser, the veins are sealed shut.
  • Ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy: A special foam is injected into the diseased vein, under the guidance of ultrasound waves. This is unsuitable if you have had an episode of deep vein thrombosis.
  • Surgery: If the above two options do not work out, surgery is preferred. Ligation and stripping require longer period of rest post-procedure. Endoscopic surgery can be performed on outpatient basis but is reserved for advanced cases.
  • Ambulatory phlebectomy: This procedure involves removing smaller veins through multiple skin punctures. Scarring is minimal.

Treatment is advised only if you have bothersome symptoms or if the varicosities are progressive. It is always best to visit your primary care provider for a consult when you first notice the swellings.

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