Depression cannot be characterised by a singular form. There are various types of the condition, with varying symptoms. Knowing the type you have, can aid in getting the best treatment you need. Learn about the different types.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
Certain people can feel low and depressed according to the seasons of the year. When there is a reduced daylight, particularly in winter, it can cause the condition. The signs are feeling hopeless, stressed, sad, with no interest in activities you enjoy or even not wanting to hang out with your friends. However, when summer begins they will feel normal again. This type can be more common among young people and women.
This is the severe stage of depression and is less common compared to moderate or mild counterparts. These people may feel that their symptoms are intense and relentless. In some cases this form can be a one-off event after a particularly depressive life event, however, in other cases it can be a recurrent condition. Major depression can last for approximately 6 months if it is not treated.
This form can have a specific symptom pattern and is a common subtype of major depression. Certain positive events like hanging out with friends or receiving encouraging news can lift the mood of the depressed person, temporarily. However, during other times they may experience some common symptoms of the condition like increased appetite, weight gain, heavy feeling in legs or arms, excessive sleeping and sensitivity towards rejection.
Recurrent and Mild Depression (Dysthymia)
This is the mild form of the condition. It’s characteristics are chronic, low-grade depressive moods. People with dysthymia may feel mild or moderate depression for more days than not, with brief periods of normal mood. Although, the symptoms of this form are not as strong as the major counterpart, these can last for upto 2 years or more. People with dysthymia may feel like they’ve always been depressed. The continuous low mood may become build into your character profile, as ‘just the way you are’.