Alzheimer’s disease is a type of dementia, which occurs in stages and develops over a span of time. It causes the death of nerve cells and loss of tissues in the brain. It results in memory loss and diminished cognitive skills.  Every 68 seconds a person is diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease and hence this proves why it is at the forefront of biomedical research. It is also stated that it is women who suffer from this disease more than men. Do you know about the symptoms and the measures you can take to reduce the risk of suffering from Alzheimer’s disease?

Even though Alzheimer’s disease is generally found in people over the age of 65 years, it is not a disease that occurs due to old age. The onset of Alzheimer’s disease can start at an early age as well. It can develop at an age as young as 30.  Alzheimer’s occurs in 3 different stages, the impact ascending with each stage.

Early Stage – Mild Alzheimer’s Disease

As the name suggests it is the onset of the disease. At this stage, the individual suffering can function well on the whole but tends to have memory lapses.

Symptoms

–    Remembering words

–    Forgetting names

–    Trouble accomplishing tasks

–    Misplacing objects

–    Forgetting immediate things

Middle Stage – Moderate Alzheimer’s Disease

This stage lasts the longest.  The damage caused to the brain’s nerve cells makes it difficult to perform tasks and put forth thoughts to others.

Symptoms

–    Forgetting occasions

–    Difficulty in remembering personal information of the past and present

–    Unaware of place or day

–    Unable to control bladder or bowels

–    Wandering and getting lost

–    Odd sleeping patterns

Late Stage – Severe Alzheimer’s Disease

At this stage the individual loses all ability to perform basic functions like keeping up with conversations, responding to them, controlling movement and so on. At this stage, the person needs round the clock awareness and care.

Symptoms

–    Low immunity towards infections

–    Lose ability to walk, sit, swallow and so on

–    Unable to communicate most of the times

–    Unaware of surroundings

Alzheimer’s disease has an impact not only on the individual suffering from it but also the people around them. Multiple threats can cause Alzheimer’s disease. Factors like age and genetics are beyond our control, however, you must take measures to reduce the risks  by maintaining brain health. The following steps are advisable.

  • Exercise
  • Healthy Diet
  • Adequate Sleep
  • Keep Stress under Control
  • Being socially involved
  • Being mentally active

Sometimes certain diseases are inevitable but it’s best we take care to prevent it.

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