Children grow through phases, during which they can be restless, inattentive and distracted. However, many parents may worry that their children’s behaviour seems different from other kids’. Read more to find out what constitutes Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and its symptoms.
What is ADHD?
ADHD is a group of behavioural symptoms marked by:
*Inattention: your child may be finding it difficult to maintain concentration and focus on a task. The mid tends to wander and get disorganized.
*Hyperactivity: you may notice restless, often repetitive movements such as fidgeting, tapping or excess talking, including in inappropriate settings
*Impulsivity: Children with ADHD may jump into actions without thinking of associated dangers, results or long term consequences.
It can appear in early childhood, or when circumstances change – such as when the child starts school. In some cases, it can continue into adolescence or adulthood. ADHD can affect a child’s performance at school, or how he behaves at home or in social settings.
What are the symptoms of ADHD?
Children with ADHD have at least six symptoms that start by the age of 12. Some of them include:
- Easy distraction
- Switching quickly from one activity to next
- Excess daydreaming
- Trouble finishing their homework, household tasks
- Fidgeting, restlessness
- Run around too much
- Talk in excess, interrupt conversations frequently
- Lose their possessions frequently
- Blurt out inappropriate comments
- Tendency to touch or play with everything they see
- Trouble controlling emotions
- Be forgetful in daily activities
- Dislike tasks that require mental focus and strain
- Little or no sense of danger
What causes ADHD?
No one cause has been found. Both genetics and environmental factors have been linked to ADHD. Some of the non-genetic contributors include smoking or drinking during pregnancy, birth complications and low birth weight, exposure to toxic substances like lead, extreme social and psychological deprivation and certain food additives. Unlike popular belief, television viewing or excess sugar intake have not turned up as causative factors, but may make symptoms more severe.