Eczema is any superficial inflammation of the epidermis. This condition causes itching, redness, oozing, crusting, scaling and pigmentation of the skin. It is a painful skin condition that may cause some embarrassment or debilitation. So, it maybe useful to know the causes that can further irritate your skin and the different types of this condition.

Fact : Eczema occurs in both men and women, equally.

Causes of Eczema

The exact cause of eczema is still unknown, however, it maybe a combination of environmental or hereditary factors. For instance, if parents have eczema or any other atopic disease then the children are more likely to develop the condition.

The environmental factors that can cause atopic dermatitis (eczema) are:

  • Certain Foods: common ones include nuts, seeds, wheat, dairy products, eggs and soy products
  • Hormones: especially in women, as their hormone levels fluctuate during menstruation or pregnancy
  • Common Allergens: pollen, pets, dandruff, mould, dust particles
  • Temperature fluctuation: hot or cold weather, low or high humidity and sweating after exercise
  • Stress: it can exacerbate symptoms
  • Irritants: shampoos, detergents, soaps, disinfectants
  • Certain pathogens: viruses, certain fungi and staphylococcus aureus

Different types of Eczema:

There are several variants of atopic dermatitis, including:

  • Stasis Dermatitis: irritation of the skin, specifically on the lower legs. It can generally be related to problems in circulation.
  • Contact Eczema: it is when the eczema is localised to a particular region after being in contact with an allergen.
  • Neurodermatitis: patches of scaly skin on the wrists, lower legs, forearms or the head. This can be a localised itch caused by an insect bite.
  • Allergic Contact Dermatitis (Eczema): the reaction caused when the skin comes into contact with any substance the immune system recognises to be foreign.
  • Nummular Eczema: patches of circular, irritated skin that are itchy, scaling or crusting.

This skin condition can vary and manifest itself between infants, children and adults. Therefore, there are usually a different set of symptoms you will have to look out for in different aged-people. In order to know the exact condition, it is best to contact a dermatologist.

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