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Close the immunization gap this year

Join the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) campaign to raise awareness on vaccination needs. It was the smallpox vaccination that led to worldwide eradication of this dreaded disease. Vaccines have played an important part in global history of disease prevention. According to the WHO statistics, poor immunization results in 2 to 3 million deaths per year. About 1 in 5 children are missing routine vaccinations, worldwide. On a positive note, however, global polio cases have reduced by 99% since 1988.

protect your loved ones with vaccination

Vaccines can prevent disability and death caused by diseases like hepatitis B, pertussis, cervical cancer, diphtheria, polio, measles, rubella, etc. Children develop immunity through vaccines, which are killed, or inactive forms of the pathogen. Sufficient vaccination of the general population can increase herd immunity, which protects individuals against infectious diseases, preventing global epidemics.

Some diseases cannot currently be prevented by immunization, such as dengue, chikungunya, AIDS or asthma. It is also worth noting that vaccines may not guarantee 100% effectiveness and their effect varies from one individual to another. In some cases, an adequate immune response is not generated causing incomplete protection from the pathogen, thus increasing the chances of contracting the disease in the future. This is the reason that vaccines are given in several doses, for instance, the polio vaccine is given in three doses to provide 99% effectiveness.

10 Immunization Facts for New Parents

As new parents, you may have several questions on vaccination schedules for your newborn child, so we have put together some instructions for you:

  • The DTP vaccine should be given to children at least 6 weeks after the birth of your baby.
  • Missing vaccination doses, due to unforeseen circumstances, need to be replaced with a ‘catch-up vaccination schedule’ recommended by the paediatrician.
  • The BCG vaccine should only be given to your child until the age of 5.
  • The Polio vaccine should be given within the first month after birth. This should be followed by a second dose after a month and a third dose after 5 months.
  • The Pneumonia vaccine should be given between 2 and 5 years of age.
  • The Chicken Pox (Varicella) and Hepatitis A vaccine can be given at any time to your child.
  • Combination vaccines (immunity to several diseases combined in a single injection) are preferred over separate injections.
  • Booster shots are given to children after primary vaccination doses in order to achieve full immunity.
  • Observe your child for allergic reactions for at least 20 minutes after immunization.
  • Common side-effects for vaccines include mild fever or pain at the site of injection. In case of severe reactions like seizures or persistent fever, please consult a paediatrician immediately.

If you are new parents, or seeking vaccinations for yourself, remember that help is available in order to make the right decision about immunization. Seek proper medical advice before undertaking any immunization treatments.

If you have any vaccination-related questions, Ask a Doctor for FREE from our website. If you want to consult a Paediatrician Sign Up on our website or download our App.

 

 

 

 

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