Today, PCOS (Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome) is one of the most common hormonal disorders faced by women. This disorder causes the growth of multiple cysts in the uterus. Androgen, a male hormone also present in women in small quantities is produced in excess and this results in the failure of ovulation. Till today a particular reason for the occurrence of PCOS is uncertain. However, most of the time, reasons like heredity and excess insulin in the body is said to cause PCOS.
The risks faced by women suffering from this syndrome are infertility, diabetes, cholesterol, increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, to name a few. The PCOS Foundation states that 5%-10% of women are affected by PCOS, but only 50% of them are diagnosed. They also stated that among the women with fertility problems, particularly difficulty in ovulating, 70% of them suffer from this syndrome. Early diagnosis is the most important part of treating PCOS.
What are the symptoms of PCOS?
The symptoms waver from woman to woman. But commonly the symptoms are:
- Weight gain or Obesity
- Insulin Resistance
- Hirsutism (excessive hair growth on body and face)
- Balding and Thinning of hair
- Irregular Periods or No Periods at all (prime symptom in adolescents)
Besides medication, Weight Loss and a Healthy Diet is the key to prevent PCOS.
Measures to Prevent and Control PCOS
- Exercise- A regular workout of 30 minutes, 5 days a week is advised since weight loss can reduce both insulin and androgen levels and in turn can restore ovulation.
Consumption of the following is encouraged:
- Carbohydrates- Consume food that has carbohydrates rich in fiber and low in sugar.
- Healthy Fats (Omega 3)
- Vegetables (Especially green and leafy vegetables)
- Organic Meat (Lean Protein)
The foods mentioned above help with metabolism of fat and sugar, improve thyroid functioning and aid improvement of hormone balancing and boot fertility.
Consumption of dairy products, unhealthy fats, caffeine and processed food is best avoided.