Menopause is the stage in a woman’s life, when she stops menstruating permanently. This typically occurs in women that are 45 to 50 years of age. The age of menopause varies from one woman to another. Even though, menopause is a common phrase known by many, this article helps you learn the three stages of this natural process and their effects on a woman’s body.

Peri-menopause

This stage occurs many years before menopause, during this period the ovaries gradually start producing less oestrogen. Toward the last few years of peri-menopause, the oestrogen levels drop drastically, which is ideally when you begin to see symptoms of menopause.

Menopause

At menopause, a woman would have completely lost the ability to menstruate for over a year. At this point, the production of oestrogen and progesterone by the ovaries are stopped. It ascertains the end of women’s reproductive abilities.

Post-menopause

Post menopause as the name states are the few years after a woman experiences menopause. During these years the effects and symptoms of menopause die down, however, health risks due to the lack of oestrogen, rises.

Do you know the effects on your body during the postmenopausal period and how to take care of yourself against these effects?

Women usually age along with the postmenopausal period, but it is best not to avoid some symptoms as they are immensely risky.

  • Skin – The lack of oestrogen has an impact on the skin causing dryness, lack of elasticity, wrinkles etc. This situation is aggravated by smoking and exposure to the sun. Avoid smoking, use sun-protection, hydrate your skin and take further measures that will keep your skin healthy.
  • Hair – Hair loss and unwanted hair growth (Hirsutism) is likely to occur during this period. A great loss of scalp hair and excess hair growth on the face, especially, may prevail in women. Treatments for hair loss and therapies like Oral Hormone Replacement, laser hair removal etc. can help the situation.
  • Weight – Lifestyle measures must be taken in order to avoid gaining weight. During the period of menopause and after, women are likely to gain weight, especially in the abdominal area. Weight gain is basis for many health risks such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension. cholesterol problems and more.
  • Joints and Muscles – Osteoarthritis is a condition of the muscles faced by most women and exercising is a way to reduce the pain. Osteoporosis is a condition, where bone density is reduced. This can be avoided by building up calcium and Vitamin D at an early age, as well as by exercising.
  • Cardiovascular Diseases – Hypertension increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases in women, in addition to the risks faced by them after menopause. Heart diseases and strokes can be avoided with timely health care, as well as leading healthy lifestyle.
  • Urinary Problems – Frequent infections and urinary incontinence (difficulty controlling bladder function) are faced by women. These problems are curable, but should not be ignored.

The problems don’t end after menopause occurs, as a matter of fact, the risks increase after a few years. Become aware, seek help and take care of yourself especially after menopause.

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